Concept of Circular Economy

  • Eliminate waste, rebuild natural capital, create additional value

  • Used (technical nutrients) and Consumed (biological nutrients)

  • Embedded value

  • De-growth/steady state

  • Systems thinking

  • Design

  • Digital technology

  • Servitisation

Guiding principles of Circular Economy

  • Efficient material management

  • Reduction of toxic substances

  • Energy efficiency

  • Economic incentives